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FHWA Home / Shared Use Mobility: European Experience and Lessons Learned - Technical Report Documentation Page – FHWA Office of Policy

Table of Contents

Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.


2. Government Accession No.

3. Recipient's Catalog No.

4. Title and Subtitle

Shared Use Mobility: European Experience and Lessons Learned

5. Report Date

July 2018

6. Performing Organization Code

7. Author(s)

Sharon Feigon, Tim Frisbie, Cassie Halls, Colin Murphy

8. Performing Organization Report No.

9. Performing Organization Name and Address

11251 Roger Bacon Drive
Reston, VA 20190

Shared Use Mobility Center
125 S. Clark St., 17th Floor
Chicago, IL 60603

10. Work Unit No. (TRAIS)

11. Contract or Grant No.


12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address

Federal Highway Administration
United States Department of Transportation
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590

13. Type of Report and Period Covered

Technical Report
September 2016 to July 2018

14. Sponsoring Agency Code


15. Supplementary Notes

Allen Greenberg (TOCOR), Barry Zimmer (COR), Jim Hunt, Hana Maier

16. Abstract

Shared mobility services provide users with short-term access to transportation on an as-needed basis rather than through ownership. While ride-sourcing services are recent entrants to the industry, they have come to dominate what is thought of as shared mobility in the United States, often drowning out other shared alternatives. In Europe, the concept of shared use mobility has existed for decades, with some services dating back to the 1940s. Several European cities have developed programs that successfully improved mobility and reduced drive-alone trips. Others have integrated these services with existing public transport services. European public entities also have experience with a greater range of public-private partnership arrangements than many U.S. counterparts. FHWA undertook this study to identify and assess European practices for establishing, supporting, and regulating shared mobility services that could be applied in the United States. This study presents key elements behind successful shared-use mobility programs in Europe, with findings falling under four main themes: 1) boundary-defying public-private partnerships and contracting methods, 2) proactive planning and design for shared infrastructure and electrification, 3) forward thinking transit agency leadership with a vision for shared mobility connectivity, and 4) development of "whole community" approaches to reduce personal vehicle travel and to create and support shared mobility.

17. Key Words

Transportation, public transit, shared-use mobility, carsharing, bikesharing, electric vehicles, electric vehicle charging infrastructure, public-private partnerships, P3, transportation policy, transportation funding, transportation planning, transportation service design, mobility hubs, mobility as a service, European transport policy, multimodal transportation, transportation demand management, parking policy

18. Distribution Statement

No restrictions.

19. Security Classification (of this report)


20. Security Classification (of this page)


21. No of Pages


22. Price


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