U.S. Department of Transportation
Federal Highway Administration
1200 New Jersey Avenue, SE
Washington, DC 20590
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Office of International Programs FHWA/US DOT (HPIP)
400 Seventh Street, SW
Washington, DC 20590
Publication No. FHWA-PL-03-001
The contents of this report reflect the views of the authors, who are responsible for the facts and accuracy of the data presented herein. The contents do not necessarily reflect the official policy of the Department of Transportation.
The metric units reported are those used in common practice by the persons interviewed. They have not been converted to pure SI units because in some cases, the level of precision implied would have been changed.
The United States Government does not endorse products or manufacturers. Trademarks or manufacturers' names appear herein only because they are considered essential to the document.
The publication of this document was sponsored by the U.S. Federal Highway Administration under contract number DTFH61-99-C00005. awarded to American Trade Initiatives, Inc. Any opinions, options, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the U.S. Government, the authors' parent institutions, or American Trade Initiatives, Inc.
This report does not constitute a standard, specification, or regulation.
TOMMY L. BEATTY
FRANK L. DANCHETZ
DENNIS C. JACKSON
DUANE A. BLANCK
DAN A. DAWOOD
JERRY M. FAY
ROBERT A. FORD
DAVID S. KEOUGH
JAMES S. MOULTHROP
LUIS M. RODRIGUEZ
GARY D. TAYLOR
MICHAEL D. VOTH
ZANE L. WEBB
AMERICAN TRADE INITIATIVES, INC.
AVALON INTEGRATED SERVICES, INC.
FEDERAL HIGHWAY ADMINISTRATION U.S. DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
AMERICAN ASSOCIATION OF STATE HIGHWAY AND TRANSPORTATION OFFICIALS
THE NATIONAL COOPERATIVE HIGHWAY RESEARCH PROGRAM
OF THE TRANSPORTATION RESEARCH BOARD
As with all collegial efforts, this scanning study would not have been successful without the assistance of many individuals. The team is particularly appreciative of the outstanding contributions of the officials, engineers, technical personnel, and their staffs in the places we visited (Appendix A). These individuals and their organizations contributed countless hours both in front of and behind the scenes, responding to the team's amplifying questions, preparing and presenting technical information, arranging and guiding site reviews, and generously giving their time and expertise.
The advice, counsel, and organizational insight of the staff of American Trade
Initiatives, Inc. (ATI) were invaluable to all facets of the trip and production of the scan report documents. ATI, under contract to the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), managed travel logistics for the trip. ATI also assisted in preparing this report and other documents. The team would like to recognize the contributions of the following ATI staff:
Sponsors of the trip were the FHWA Office of International Programs, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials through the National Cooperative Highway Research Program, and the Foundation for Pavement Preservation.
The Federal Highway Administration's (FHWA) international programs focus on meeting the growing demands of its partners at the Federal, State, and local levels for access to information on state-of-the-art technology and the best practices used worldwide. While FHWA is considered a world leader in highway transportation, the domestic highway community is interested in advanced technologies being developed by other countries, as well as innovative organizational and financing techniques used by FHWA's international counterparts.
The International Technology Scanning Program accesses and evaluates foreign technologies and innovations that could significantly benefit United States highway transportation systems. Access to foreign innovations is strengthened by U.S. participation on the technical committees of international highway organizations and through bilateral technical exchange agreements with selected nations. The program is undertaken cooperatively with the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO) and its Select Committee on International Activities, and the Transportation Research Board's (TRB) National Highway Research Cooperative Program (Panel 20-36), the private sector, and academia.
FHWA and its partners jointly determine priority topic areas. Teams of specialists in the specific areas of expertise being investigated are formed and sent to countries where significant advances and innovations have been made in technology, management practices, organizational structure, program delivery, and financing. Teams usually include Federal and State highway officials, private sector and industry association representatives, and members of the academic community.
FHWA has organized about 50 of these reviews and disseminated results nationwide. Topics have included pavements, bridge construction and maintenance, contracting, intermodal transport, organizational management, winter road maintenance, safety, intelligent transportation systems, planning, and policy. Findings are recommended for follow-up with further research and pilot or demonstration projects to verify adaptability to the United States. Information about the scan findings and results of pilot programs are then disseminated nationally to State and local highway and transportation officials and the private sector for implementation.
This program has resulted in significant improvements and savings in road program technologies and practices throughout the United States, particularly in the areas of structures, pavements, safety, and winter road maintenance. Joint research and technology-sharing projects have also been launched with international counterparts, further conserving resources and advancing the state of the art.
For a complete list of International Technology Scanning topics, and to order free copies of the reports, please see pages iv-v.
Geotechnical Engineering Practices in Canada and Europe Geotechnology - Soil
International Contract Administration Techniques for Quality Enhancement-CATQEST Contract administration: Technology and Practice in Europe
European Asphalt Technology European Concrete Technology South African Pavement
Technology Highway/Commercial Vehicle Interaction
Recycled Materials in European Highway Environments
Pavement Preservation Technology in France, South Africa, and Australia
European Bridge Structures Asian Bridge Structures Bridge Maintenance Coatings
European Practices for Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures Advanced Composites in Bridges in Europe and Japan Steel Bridge Fabrication Technologies in Europe and Japan Performance of Concrete Segmental and Cable-Stayed Bridges in Europe
European Intermodal Programs: Planning, Policy and Technology National Travel Surveys Recycled Materials in European Highway Environments Geometric Design Practices for European Roads Sustainable Transportation Practices in Europe Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Across European Highways European Right-of-Way and Utilities Best Practices
Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety in England, Germany and the Netherlands Speed
Management and Enforcement Technology: Europe & Australia Safety Management
Practices in Japan, Australia, and New Zealand Road Safety Audits - Final
Report Road Safety Audits - Case Studies
Innovative Traffic Control Technology & Practice in Europe Commercial Vehicle Safety Technology & Practice in Europe
Methods and Procedures to Reduce Motorist Delays in European Work Zones
Advanced Transportation Technology European Traffic Monitoring
Traffic Management and Traveler Information Systems European Winter Service Technology
Snowbreak Forest Book - Highway Snowstorm Countermeasure Manual (Translated from Japanese) European Road Lighting Technologies Freight Transportation: The European Market
Emerging Models for Delivering Transportation Programs and Services Acquiring Highway Transportation Information from Abroad - Handbook Acquiring Highway Transportation Information from Abroad - Final Report International Guide to Highway Transportation Information
All publications are available on the internet at www.international.fhwa.dot.gov
|AASHTO||American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials|
|ALD||Average Least Dimension|
|APWA||American Public Works Association|
|AUSTROADS||Association of Australian and New Zealand Road Transport andTraffic Authorities|
|ATI||American Trade Initiatives|
|BOT||build, operate, and transfer|
|CAM||crack activity meter|
|CBR||California bearing ratio|
|CRCP||continuously reinforced concrete pavement|
|CRS||cationic rapid-setting emulsion asphalt|
|DOT||Department of Transportation|
|EVA||ethylene vinyl acetate|
|EVU||equivalent vehicle units|
|FHWA||Federal Highway Administration|
|FP2||Foundation for Pavement Preservation|
|GPS||global positioning system|
|GVM||gross vehicle mass|
|IRI||international roughness index|
|JPCP||jointed plain concrete pavement|
|NACE||National Association of County Engineers|
|NCHRP||National Cooperative Highway Research Program|
|PCCP||portland cement concrete pavement|
|PMS||pavement management system|
|RFP||request for proposal|
|RTA||Roads and Traffic Authority (New South Wales, Australia)|
|SAMI||stress-absorbing membrane interlayer|
|SANRAL||South African National Road Agency Limited|
|SBR||styrene butadiene rubber|
|SBS||styrene butadiene styrene|
|STIP||scan technology implementation plan|
|TRB||Transportation Research Board|
|VicRoads||Victorian State Road Authority|
|VOC||vehicle operating cost|