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FHWA > Programs > Office of Policy > Office of International Programs  > Transportation Research Program Administration in Europe and Asia

Transportation Research Program Administration in Europe and Asia

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List of Figures and Tables

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Technical Report Documentation Page

1. Report No.
FHWA-PL-09-015
2. Government Accession No. 3. Recipient's Catalog No.
4. Title and Subtitle
Transportation Research Program Administration in Europe and Asia
5. Report Date
July 2009
6. Performing Organization Code
7. Author(s)
Debra Elston, David Huft, Barbara T. Harder, Joyce Curtis, Monique R. Evans, Christopher W. Jenks, Laurie McGinnis, Harold R. "Skip" Paul, Glenn Roberts, Eric Wingfield, J. B. "Butch" Wlaschin
8. Performing Organization Report No.
9. Performing Organization Name and Address
American Trade Initiatives
P.O. Box 8228
Alexandria, VA 22306-8228
10. Work Unit No.
11. Contract or Grant No.
DTFH61-99-C-005
12. Sponsoring Agency Name and Address
Office of International Programs Federal Highway Administration U.S. Department of Transportation American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
13. Type of Report and Period
14. Sponsoring Agency Code
15. Supplementary Notes
FHWA COTR: Hana Maier, Office of International Programs
16. Abstract

The Federal Highway Administration, American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials, and National Cooperative Highway Research Program sponsored a scanning study of Europe and Asia to review transportation research program administration practices. The scan team sought policy initiatives and process improvements to enhance transportation research administration in the United States.

The team found that in the countries it studied, transportation research is directly related to national economic growth and competitiveness, transportation research efforts are promoted, transportation research and development (R&D) is accepted as a valuable contribution to the national good, and addressing intellectual property rights is a common practice that facilitates the delivery of transportation research results.

Team recommendations for U.S. application include building international relationships in transportation research to achieve global goals, developing a nationally coordinated research framework, and strengthening the innovation process by examining international research institutes that link the creation and application of knowledge.

17. Key Words:
innovation, intellectual property rights, international scan, research and development, research framework, research institutes, R&D, technology deployment, transportation research
18. Distribution Statement
No restrictions. This document is available to the public from the: Office of International Programs, FHWA-HPIP, Room 3325, U.S. Department of Transportation, Washington, DC 20590 international@fhwa.dot.gov
www.international.fhwa.dot.gov
19. Security Classif. (of this report)
Unclassified
20. Security Classif. (of this page)
Unclassified
21. No. of Pages
76
22. Price
Free

Form DOT F 1700.7 (8-72) Reproduction of completed pages authorized

Prepared by the International Scanning Study Team:

Debra Elston (Cochair)
FHWA

David Huft (Cochair)
South Dakota DOT

Barbara T. Harder (Report Facilitator)
B. T. Harder, Inc

Joyce Curtis
FHWA

Monique R. Evans
Ohio DOT

Christopher W. Jenks
Transportation Research Board

Laurie McGinnis
University of Minnesota

Harold R. "Skip" Paul
Louisiana Transportation Research Center

Glenn Roberts
New Hampshire DOT

Eric Wingfield
Ford Motor Company

J. B. "Butch" Wlaschin
FHWA

for
Federal Highway Administration
U.S. Department of Transportation

American Association of State Highway
and Transportation Officials

National Cooperative Highway Research
Program


July 2009

Acknowledgments

This report was completed in cooperation with the scan team members and the transportation professionals and organizational representatives who hosted the scan team and gave their time and energy to organize presentations and site visits in the countries on the scan itinerary. Without their gracious hospitality and willingness to share their knowledge and experiences with the U.S. delegation, this report would not have been possible.

FHWA International Technology Scanning Program

The International Technology Scanning Program, sponsored by FHWA, the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), and the National Cooperative Highway Research Program (NCHRP), evaluates innovative foreign technologies and practices that could significantly benefit U.S. highway transportation systems. This approach allows advanced technology to be adapted and put into practice much more efficiently without spending scarce research funds to re-create advances already developed by other countries..

FHWA and AASHTO, with recommendations from NCHRP, jointly determine priority topics for teams of U.S. experts to study. Teams in the specific areas being investigated are formed and sent to countries where significant advances and innovations have been made in technology, management practices, organizational structure, program delivery, and financing. Scan teams usually include representatives from FHWA, State departments of transportation, local governments, transportation trade and research groups, the private sector, and academia.

After a scan is completed, team members evaluate findings and develop comprehensive reports, including recommendations for further research and pilot projects to verify the value of adapting innovations for U.S. use. Scan reports, as well as the results of pilot programs and research, are circulated throughout the country to State and local transportation officials and the private sector. Since 1990, more than 80 international scans have been organized on topics such as pavements, bridge construction and maintenance, contracting, intermodal transport, organizational management, winter road maintenance, safety, intelligent transportation systems, planning, and policy.

The International Technology Scanning Program has resulted in significant improvements and savings in road program technologies and practices throughout the United States. In some cases, scan studies have facilitated joint research and technology-sharing projects with international counterparts, further conserving resources and advancing the state of the art. Scan studies have also exposed transportation professionals to remarkable advancements and inspired implementation of hundreds of innovations. The result: large savings of research dollars and time, as well as significant improvements in the Nation's transportation system.

Scan reports can be obtained through FHWA free of charge by e-mailing international@dot.gov. Scan reports are also available electronically and can be accessed on the FHWA Office of International Programs Web site at www.international.fhwa.dot.gov

FHWA International Technology Scan Reports

International Technology Scanning Program:

Bringing Global Innovations to U.S. Highways

Safety

Improving Safety and Mobility for Older Road Users in Australia and Japan (2008)
Halving Roadway Fatalities: A Case Study From Victoria, Australia (2008)
Safety Applications of Intelligent Transportation Systems in Europe and Japan (2006)
Traffic Incident Response Practices in Europe (2006)
Underground Transportation Systems in Europe: Safety, Operations, and Emergency Response (2006)
Roadway Human Factors and Behavioral Safety in Europe (2005)
Traffic Safety Information Systems in Europe and Australia (2004)
Signalized Intersection Safety in Europe (2003)
Managing and Organizing Comprehensive Highway Safety in Europe (2003)
European Road Lighting Technologies (2001)
Commercial Vehicle Safety, Technology, and Practice in Europe (2000)
Methods and Procedures to Reduce Motorist Delays in European Work Zones (2000)
Innovative Traffic Control Technology and Practice in Europe (1999)
Road Safety Audits—Final Report and Case Studies (1997)
Speed Management and Enforcement Technology: Europe and Australia (1996)
Safety Management Practices in Japan, Australia, and New Zealand (1995)
Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety in England, Germany, and the Netherlands (1994)

Planning and Environment

Streamlining and Integrating Right-of-Way and Utility Processes With Planning, Environmental, and Design Processes in Australia and Canada (2009)
Active Travel Management: The Next Step in Congestion Management (2007)
Managing Travel Demand: Applying European Perspectives to U.S. Practice (2006)
Risk Assessment and Allocation for Highway Construction Management (2006)
Transportation Asset Management in Australia, Canada, England, and New Zealand (2005)
Transportation Performance Measures in Australia, Canada, Japan, and New Zealand (2004)
European Right-of-Way and Utilities Best Practices (2002)
Geometric Design Practices for European Roads (2002)
Wildlife Habitat Connectivity Across European Highways (2002)
Sustainable Transportation Practices in Europe (2001)
Recycled Materials in European Highway Environments (1999)
European Intermodal Programs: Planning, Policy, and Technology (1999)
National Travel Surveys (1994)

Policy and Information

Transportation Research Program Administration in Europe and Asia (2009)
European Practices in Transportation Workforce Development (2003)
Intelligent Transportation Systems and Winter Operations in Japan (2003)
Emerging Models for Delivering Transportation Programs and Services (1999)
National Travel Surveys (1994)
Acquiring Highway Transportation Information From Abroad (1994)
International Guide to Highway Transportation Information (1994)
International Contract Administration Techniques for Quality Enhancement (1994)
European Intermodal Programs: Planning, Policy, and Technology (1994)

Operations

Freight Mobility and Intermodal Connectivity in China (2008)
Commercial Motor Vehicle Size and Weight Enforcement in Europe (2007)
Active Travel Management: The Next Step in Congestion Management (2007)
Effective Use of Weigh-in-Motion Data: The Netherlands Case Study (2007)
Managing Travel Demand: Applying European Perspectives to U.S. Practice (2006)
Traffic Incident Response Practices in Europe (2006)
Underground Transportation Systems in Europe: Safety, Operations, and Emergency Response (2006)
Superior Materials, Advanced Test Methods, and Specifications in Europe (2004)
Freight Transportation: The Latin American Market (2003)
Meeting 21st Century Challenges of System Performance Through Better Operations (2003)
Traveler Information Systems in Europe (2003)
Freight Transportation: The European Market (2002)
European Road Lighting Technologies (2001)
Methods and Procedures to Reduce Motorist Delays in European Work Zones (2000)
Innovative Traffic Control Technology and Practice in Europe (1999)
European Winter Service Technology (1998)
Traffic Management and Traveler Information Systems (1997)
European Traffic Monitoring (1997)
Highway/Commercial Vehicle Interaction (1996)
Winter Maintenance Technology and Practices— Learning from Abroad (1995)
Advanced Transportation Technology (1994)
Snowbreak Forest Book—Highway Snowstorm Countermeasure Manual (1990)

Infrastructure—General

Public-Private Partnerships for Highway Infrastructure: Capitalizing on International Experience (2009)
Audit Stewardship and Oversight of Large and Innovatively Funded Projects in Europe (2006)
Construction Management Practices in Canada and Europe (2005)
European Practices in Transportation Workforce Development (2003)
Contract Administration: Technology and Practice in Europe (2002)
European Road Lighting Technologies (2001)
Geometric Design Practices for European Roads (2001)
Geotechnical Engineering Practices in Canada and Europe (1999)
Geotechnology—Soil Nailing (1993)

Infrastructure—Pavements

Warm-Mix Asphalt: European Practice (2008)
Long-Life Concrete Pavements in Europe and Canada (2007)
Quiet Pavement Systems in Europe (2005)
Superior Materials, Advanced Test Methods, and Specifications in Europe (2004)
Asphalt Pavement Warranties: Technology and Practice in Europe (2004)
Pavement Preservation Technology in France, South Africa, and Australia (2003)
Recycled Materials in European Highway Environments (1999)
South African Pavement and Other Highway Technologies and Practices (1997)
Highway/Commercial Vehicle Interaction (1996)
European Concrete Highways (1992)
European Asphalt Technology (1990)

Infrastructure—Bridges

Bridge Evaluation Quality Assurance in Europe (2008)
Prefabricated Bridge Elements and Systems in Japan and Europe (2005)
Bridge Preservation and Maintenance in Europe and South Africa (2005)
Performance of Concrete Segmental and Cable-Stayed Bridges in Europe (2001)
Steel Bridge Fabrication Technologies in Europe and Japan (2001)
European Practices for Bridge Scour and Stream Instability Countermeasures (1999)
Advanced Composites in Bridges in Europe and Japan (1997)
Asian Bridge Structures (1997)
Bridge Maintenance Coatings (1997)
Northumberland Strait Crossing Project (1996)
European Bridge Structures (1995)

All publications are available on the Internet at U.S. Department of Transportation-Federal Highway Administration

Abbreviations and Acronyms

AASHTO American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials
CORDIS Community Research and Development Information Service
DOT Department of Transportation
DRAST Department for Research and Scientific and Technical Coordination (France)
DVS Rijkswaterstaat Transport and Navigation Department (the Netherlands)
EC European Commission
ECTRI European Conference of Transport Research Institutes
ERTRAC European Road Transport Research Advisory Council
ERA-NET European Research Area–Network, including Road and Transport subthemes
EU European Union
FEHRL Forum of European National Highway Research Laboratories
FHWA Federal Highway Administration
FP7 European Seventh Framework Program
GHD French National Road Agency, General Highways Department
IBS Institute of Behavioral Sciences (Japan)
IP intellectual property
IPR intellectual property rights
ITPS Institute for Policy Studies (Japan)
ITS intelligent transportation systems
INRETS National Institute for Transport and Safety Research (France)
KICT Korean Institute of Construction Technology
KICTEP Korean Institute of Construction and Transportation Technology Evaluation and Planning
KOTI Korean Transport Institute
KTI Institute for Transport Sciences (Hungary)
JICE Japanese Institute of Construction Engineering
LCPC French Research Laboratory for Public Works
MRI or MIRI Mitsubishi Research Institute
MLIT Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport, and Tourism (Japan)
MOU memorandum of understanding
NCHRP National Cooperative Highway Research Program
NILIM National Institute for Land and Infrastructure Management (Japan)
NRA national research agency
PREDIT Program of Research, Experimentation, and Innovation in Land Transport (France)
PWRI Public Works Research Institute (Japan)
RiP Research-in-Progress
R&D research and development
RDT research, development, and technology
SKIA Strategy, Knowledge, and Innovation Agenda (the Netherlands)
SME small- to medium-sized enterprise
SRA Swedish Road Administration
STIP Scan Team Implementation Plan
SWOV Institute for Road Safety Research (the Netherlands)
TRB Transportation Research Board
TRIS Transportation Research Information Services
TRPA Transportation Research Program Administration
VINNOVA Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems
VTI Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute
VTT Technical Research Center of Finland
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